Technology supports rural revitalization and boosts the vigorous development of the fungus industry

Recently, in order to implement the Rural Revitalization Science and Technology Support Action Plan of the Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences and promote the development of Shanghai's edible fungus industry, experts from the Institute of Edible Fungi of the Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences came to many edible mushroom manufacturers in the suburbs of Shanghai and joined forces with the enterprises. Strengthen cooperation between academies and enterprises, set up a "Rural Revitalization Technology Leading Demonstration Base", and further utilize their respective advantages to help the industry develop vigorously.

On December 1, the Institute of Edible Fungi came to Pudong New Area, and successively came to Shanghai Songjun Biotechnology Co., Ltd., Shengfei Family Farm, and Shanghai Fanshun Edible Fungus Professional Cooperative to meet the needs of enterprises, discuss the next cooperation plan and list. .

In Shanghai Songjun Biological Technology Co., Ltd., the person in charge Wang Guijin introduced the company's production and operation status and future development direction in detail, and accompanied the experts to visit the velvet mushroom production workshop and packaging processing workshop. According to reports, the scientific name of velvet mushroom is lotus leaf pleurotus ostreatus. It is a fungus for food and medicine. It looks similar to velvet antler, has a crisp taste, and is rich in dietary fiber, minerals and various trace elements that are beneficial to the human body.

Wang Guijin introduced that Songjun Bio has been producing velvet antler mushrooms since 2013. It has advanced velvet mushroom factory production technology. It is a comprehensive modern agricultural enterprise integrating velvet antler mushroom liquid fermentation, factory fruiting management, and deep processing. Deer antler mushroom production has relatively rich experience. In recent years, companies have discovered velvet mushrooms with different traits and shapes during the production process. They hope to use the scientific and technological power of the Municipal Academy of Agricultural Sciences to do a good job in variety identification, and to further enrich the germplasm resources of velvet mushrooms for future breeding in response to market demand. Provide technical support.

Shengfei Family Farm has an operating area of ​​702 acres, and has always focused on rice cultivation and branded rice sales. In 2018, Huang Shengfei, the head of the farm, cooperated with experts from the Institute of Edible Fungi of the Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences to start the "rice-stropharia stropharia green cycle rotation" production technology experiment, using the rice stubble to grow stropharia stropharia (also known as "Red Matsutake "), while improving land utilization, recycling rice straw wastes.

In 2020, the project won the "Demonstration Application of the Rice-Mushroom Rotation Ecological Cycle Model" of the Municipal Science and Technology Project; in 2021, the two parties jointly applied for the Shanghai Municipal Quality Supervision Administration Standardization Pilot Project "Rice-Stropharia Stropharia Green Cycle" Crop rotation". According to Chen Hui, an expert from the Institute of Edible Fungi, Stropharia sphaerocarpa has the ability to degrade lignin and cellulose at the same time. After 6 months of cultivation and fruiting, it can degrade straw lignin and cellulose by more than 40%, and degrade hemicellulose. More than 70%, improve the efficiency of returning straw to the field, and the strain has strong stress resistance and easy cultivation, which can increase the income of farmers. The cooperative currently grows 50 acres of stropharia, and each acre can consume about 25 acres of straw from rice production, which can basically consume the entire town of the town where the family farm is located.

Shanghai Fanshun Edible Fungus Professional Cooperative was established in 2005, focusing on the production and sales of straw mushrooms and strains. Since 2008, the cooperative has cooperated with the Straw Mushroom Team of the Institute of Edible Fungi of the Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences. The Straw Mushroom team has provided long-term scientific and technological support to the enterprise. It not only provides the company with the “VH3”, “Shenlan No. 1” and “Shenlan No. A series of high-quality straw mushroom varieties such as "Lan No. 2" are also given technical guidance for production to stabilize the yield of strains above 99.9%. At present, the cooperative has become a professional straw mushroom seed production manufacturer with the leading technology in the country. The straw mushroom strains are sold to Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangxi, Beijing, Shandong and other places as well as Shanghai Jinshan, Chongming, Fengxian, Qingpu, Baoshan In other areas, the annual production volume of strains is more than 550,000 packs, and the annual sales volume reaches 4.8 million yuan. At the same time, 47 farmers in the surrounding area were encouraged to cultivate edible fungi to help revitalize the village.

Zhang Jinsong, director of the Institute of Edible Fungi, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, said that the three companies listed this time have their own characteristics and advantages. Combine scientific research, promotion and enterprise production, do a good job in the uation of edible fungi planting resources, and do a good job in cultivating new varieties according to market demand, further improve the taste and quality of edible fungi, and play the role of edible fungi in ensuring the supply of vegetable baskets in the Shanghai consumer market.

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